UNFAIR WILLS

DECEASED ESTATES

INHERITANCE DISPUTES

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WILLS AND INHERITANCE DISPUTES IN NSW

We provide advice about CONTESTING, CHALLENGING AND DEFENDING WILLS in NSW. Please note that TIME LIMITS apply to contest a will. In NSW an application (Family Provision) to contest an inheritance dispute must be made within 12 months of the family member's death.

INHERITANCE DISPUTES

Inheritance deceased estates disputes between family members occur very often. The disagreement between a parent and an adult child could result in an unfair will and in a family member disinheriting his/her own child in a will (for example). The main asset is generally the house and it is around the house that the majority inheritance disputes are likely to happen. Contact CITY LAWYERS AND CONSULTANTS for a FREE consultation about whether you might have a claim (called family provision claim) on the deceased estate. CITY LAWYERS AND CONSULTANTS work on NO WIN, NO FEE basis in inheritance disputes claims.

TIME LIMITS

In NSW there is a time limit for contesting a will. If the deceased died after 1 March 2009, a family provision claim must be commenced within 12 months from the date of death. If an application for family provision on the deceased estate is made more than 12 months after the date of death, you will need to show the court that you have 'sufficient cause'. The Court has discretion to grant an extension of time if you can show that there is sufficient cause for making a late application. You must provide the court with 'sufficient justification or excuse' or 'sufficient explanation'.

CONTESTING WILLS

You can contest a valid Will if you receive inadequate provision. If the Court finds in your favour it can either vary the provisions or order the redistribution of the Deceased Estate. You may also contest the Will if the person died without making a Will at all. A person who dies without a Will is said to have died "intestate". A Will (of the deceased person) can also be contested if it is found to be invalid. To test the validity of the Will you must mount a 'challenge' to the Will. We will not charge for any fees upfront. Our fees are only payable out of the estate if an agreement is reached between the parties or if there is a Court order in your favour.

CHALLENGING WILLS

In some circumstances, it is possible to challenge the VALIDITY OF THE WILL OF THE DECEASED itself. The Validity of the Will could be challenged, for instance, on the basis of: UNDUE INFLUENCE, lack of MENTAL CAPACITY (testamentary capacity), FRAUD or FORGERY. It is possible to challenge the VALIDITY OF THE WILL before or after a grant of Probate. But it is very difficult to challenge the VALIDITY OF THE WILL after the distribution of the Estate. Generally, only some interested persons would be entitled to challenge the Validity of the deceased Will, for example: Potential Beneficiaries, ie persons who would be entitled to the deceased estate if there was NO WILL (that is persons entitled under INTESTACY); or Beneficiaries named in the CURRENT OR PREVIOUS WILL.

WHO CAN CONTEST A WILL

In NSW, you may Contest a deceased Will if you are: a spouse of the deceased person at the time of their death; a person with whom the deceased person was living in a de facto relationship at the time of their death (that includes same sex partners); a child of the deceased person; a former spouse of the deceased person; a person who was wholly or partly dependent on the deceased person for a period of time and at any time a member of the same household; or a grandchild who was wholly or partly dependent for a period of time on the deceased person with whom the deceased was living in a close personal relationship.

DEFENDING A CONTESTED WILL

It is important to note that if the Deceased Estate is small (under $500,000), it would be advisable to reach an agreement early to minimise dissipation of the deceased estate's assets in legal costs and disbursements (which include the Court fees). If there are several siblings who wish to make Family Provision claims, in some circumstances, costs could be minimised if all are represented by one law firm. However, sometimes it is not possible as there may be competing claims on the same deceased Estate. The `interested person` who challenges a will is often a beneficiary under a previous Will or a current Will. The Executor or Administrator has to prove that the will is valid.